Feldenkrais Method®

Movements for the eye and the vision

Structure of the eye

The eye is a complex sense organ located in the orbital cavity. Inside, protected by an envelope, there are: a layer of receptors, a lens, a system of neurons capable of conducting impulses from the retina to the visual cortex, generating visual sensations.

A window on the world that collects images and puts us in contact with reality. The innermost tunic of the eye is formed by a thin layer of nervous tissue that contains specific light receptors, capable of transmitting the stimulus, transformed into a nerve current, to the brain via the optic nerve.

(http://it.wikibooks.org/wiki/File:Eye_in_cross-section.svg )


1 - sclera;
2 - ciliary body;
3 - iris;
4 - pupil and anterior chamber filled with aqueous humor;
5 - optical axis;
6 - line of sight;
7 - cornea;
8 - crystalline lens;
9 - choroid;
10 - optic nerve;
11 - optic disc;
12 - fovea;
13 - retina;
14 - vitreous body.

Movements for the Eye

Visualize the black point and focus your attention on the following sentence: "I am beautiful"

occhio e vista


• Be aware of the black color of the point;
• Let the eyes be free to explore the sign and the surrounding surface;
• Then lower your eyelids and visualize it mentally. If you can imagine the completely black point, the eyes will coordinate effortlessly;
• Lift your eyelids and return to observe the point: now it has become sharper;
• The more intense the black you can memorize, the sharper your vision will become.

You can extend this black point visualization principle to the objects around you in daily life, not forgetting that the eyes see more clearly pleasant and familiar things.

It is the mind that attaches importance and meanings to the things we see. The retina records the images as the brain interprets them. To increase the capacity for accommodation, you can imagine moving the objects placed in front of you away and closer with a uniform and rhythmic movement for a few minutes. As the object approaches the face it becomes larger. When it moves away it becomes smaller.

View the examples below as a reference for your movements



Convergence movement

movimenti occhio


The convergence phenomenon occurs when objects are observed closely. The eyes are oriented towards the observed object, the two images automatically fall into equivalent points of both retinas. The visual axes converge with restriction of the pupils.

A beautiful example of convergence is reported in Moshe Feldenkrais' book "The Case of Nora". Nora, a Swiss manager suffering from a stroke, learned to read and write through the teachings that Feldenkrais gave her. During the learning phases in which he dealt with the re-education of the eyes he suggests a singular movement.

movimenti occhio


Take a straw, bring it to your mouth, support it in the middle, keeping it straight and motionless: with your fingers, slowly slide along the straw bringing it to your lips and moving it away to return to the central part.

Running your fingers along the straw is equivalent to focusing on objects from near and far: the eyes look inward and converge for close vision, while diverging separating for distance vision.

Repeat for several times until you see the straw forking in two beyond the fingers until it becomes two distinct images that deviate one to the right and the other to the left of the real straw.

If you close your right eye you will only see the image of the left straw.

By closing your left eye you will see only the image of the right straw.

It increases the accommodation capacity



Sitting on the chair. Look at the tip of the nose. Gaze at the tip of the nose several times for a few seconds and return, then gradually increase the fixation time, until the mind becomes calm and peaceful. Then ...

Observe the space between the eyebrows for a few seconds, let go and repeat the movement, first for a few seconds and then for a few minutes. Fixing the tip of the nose and the space between the eyebrows strengthens vision and the optic nerve. It makes the look bright and promotes the state of inner calm.

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