The term "kyphosis" refers to a more or less pronounced curvature of the spine that causes the hump and the tilt of the spine.


Kyphosis can occur for various reasons usually related to poor postural habits and positions: a bad and incorrect posture can increase the natural curvature of the spine. This occurs most commonly in adolescent girls.

Rarely it is a matter of great pain and the problem can be corrected by physical activity and assuming a correct posture.

Another type of kyphosis may occur rather late in life, especially in female subjects as a result of osteoporosis.

With the weakening of the bones of the spine, they become more porous and develop microfractures that cause intravertebral compression (vertebral compression fractures).

Sometimes the phenomenon is called "dowager's hump" and if ignored it can become progressively more pronounced.